romans 11 commentary

5. of the root and fatness of the olive tree--the rich grace secured by covenant to the true seed of Abraham. 2 God chose who would be his people from the beginning. of the tribe of Benjamin--( Philippians 3:5 ), that tribe which, on the revolt of the ten tribes, constituted, with Judah, the one faithful kingdom of God ( 1 Kings 12:21 ), and after the captivity was, along with Judah, the kernel of the Jewish nation ( Ezra 4:1 , 10:9 ). I say then, has God cast away His people? SAME SUBJECT CONTINUED AND CONCLUDED--THE ULTIMATE INBRINGING OF ALL ISRAEL, TO BE, WITH THE GENTILES, ONE KINGDOM OF GOD ON THE EARTH. through their fall--literally, "trespass," but here best rendered "false step" [DE WETTE]; not "fall," as in our version. As concerning the Gospel they are enemies for your sakes--that is, they are regarded and treated as enemies (in a state of exclusion through unbelief, from the family of God) for the benefit of you Gentiles; in the sense of Romans 11:11 Romans 11:15 . . What then?--How stands the fact? By the "calling of God," in this case, is meant that sovereign act by which God, in the exercise of His free choice, "called" Abraham to be the father of a peculiar people; while "the gifts of God" here denote the articles of the covenant which God made with Abraham, and which constituted the real distinction between his and all other families of the earth. 20. In other words, the natural Israel--not "the remnant of them according to the election of grace," but THE NATION, sprung from Abraham according to the flesh--are still an elect people, and as such, "beloved." 1 Being therefore justified (Greek: dikaiothentes—from dikaioo) by faith, we have peace (Greek: eirenen) with God through our Lord Jesus Christ; 2 through whom we also have our access (Greek: prosagogen) by faith into this grace in which we stand. the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness!--that is, their full recovery "If an event so untoward as Israel's fall was the occasion of such unspeakable good to the Gentile world, of how much greater good may we expect an event so blessed as their full recovery to be productive?". John Piper Mar 28, 2004 1.8K Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. The captivities of Israel, their dispersion, and their being shut out from the church, are emblems of the believer's corrections for doing wrong; and the continued care of the Lord towards that people, and the final mercy and blessed restoration intended for them, show the patience and love of God. Both these, says the apostle, are irrevocable; and as the point for which he refers to this at all is the final destiny of the Israelitish nation, it is clear that the perpetuity through all time of the Abrahamic covenant is the thing here affirmed. The apostle Paul knew the mysteries of the kingdom of God as well as ever any man; yet he confesses himself at a loss; and despairing to find the bottom, he humbly sits down at the brink, and adores the depth. From Israel hath come all that thou art and hast in the family of God; for "salvation is of the Jews" ( John 4:22 ). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. … For I would not . That intelligent expositors should think that this was meant of individual Jews, reintroduced from time to time into the family of God on their believing on the Lord Jesus, is surprising; and yet those who deny the national recovery of Israel must and do so interpret the apostle. there is--"there obtains," or "hath remained" a remnant according to the election of grace--"As in Elijah's time the apostasy of Israel was not so universal as it seemed to be, and as he in his despondency concluded it to be, so now, the rejection of Christ by Israel is not so appalling in extent as one would be apt to think: There is now, as there was then, a faithful remnant; not however of persons naturally better than the unbelieving mass, but of persons graciously chosen to salvation." If we stand at all, it is by faith; we are guilty and helpless in ourselves, and are to be humble, watchful, afraid of self-deception, or of being overcome by temptation. Romans 11:1-36 . 23. Introduction 1:1-17. (See Acts 1:7 , Greek). For of him, and through him, and to him, are all things: to whom--"to Him" be glory for ever. they are beloved--even in their state of exclusion for the fathers' sakes. 1 So, I ask this: ‘Has God turned away from his people?’ No, certainly, he has not done that! The Jews continued branches of this tree till, as a nation, they rejected the Messiah; after that, their relation to Abraham and to God was, as it were, cut off. Besides, all that follows to the end of the chapter seems to show that while the Grace of God to guilty men in Christ Jesus is presupposed to be the whole theme of this chapter, that which called forth the special admiration of the apostle, after sketching at some length the divine purposes and methods in the bestowment of this grace, was "the depth of the riches of God's wisdom and knowledge" in these purposes and methods. how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out! And if--rather, "But if"; that is, "If notwithstanding this consecration of Abraham's race to God. 27. Amen--Thus worthily--with a brevity only equalled by its sublimity--does the apostle here sum up this whole matter. The words will certainly bear this sense, "the depth of God's riches." 1. It can only mean the ultimate ingathering of Israel as a nation, in contrast with the present "remnant." (1a) Has God cast away (rejected) His people Israel? The general position here laid down is of vital importance: That there are but two possible sources of salvation--men's works, and God's grace; and that these are so essentially distinct and opposite, that salvation cannot be of any combination or mixture of both, but must be wholly either of the one or of the other. David, having by the Spirit foretold the sufferings of Christ from his own people, the Jews, foretells the dreadful judgments of God upon them for it, Psalm 69. Let their table, &c.--that is, Let their very blessings prove a curse to them, and their enjoyments only sting and take vengeance on them. Such seeming redundancies are not unusual with our apostle). Now, opening a more cheering prospect, he speaks of the mercy shown to the Gentiles as a means of Israel's recovery; which seems to mean that it will be by the instrumentality of believing Gentiles that Israel as a nation is at length to "look on Him whom they have pierced and mourn for Him," and so to "obtain mercy." 36. And lest any should say that though Israel, as a nation, has no destiny at all under the Gospel, but as a people disappeared from the stage when the middle wall of partition was broken down, yet the Abrahamic covenant still endures in the spiritual seed of Abraham, made up of Jews and Gentiles in one undistinguished mass of redeemed men under the Gospel--the apostle, as if to preclude that supposition, expressly states that the very Israel who, as concerning the Gospel, are regarded as "enemies for the Gentiles' sakes," are "beloved for the fathers' sakes"; and it is in proof of this that he adds, "For the gifts and the calling of God are without repentance." But both are true; they were cast away, though neither totally nor finally, and it is of this partial and temporary rejection that the apostle here speaks. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. 19-21. Certainly notFor () I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. And though this is here spoken of merely as a supposition (if their unbelief shall cease)--in order to set it over against the other supposition, of what will happen to the Gentiles if they shall not abide in the faith--the supposition is turned into an explicit prediction in the verses following. There is not only depth in the Divine counsels, but riches; abundance of that which is precious and valuable. Romans 11:14 "If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them." (2) The preservation of this remnant, even as their separation at the first, is all of mere grace ( Romans 11:5 Romans 11:6 ). God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew. Romans 10 Romans 12 Chapter 11 The apostle, having reconciled that great truth of the rejection of the Jews with the promise made unto the fathers, is, in this chapter, further labouring to mollify the harshness of it, and to reconcile it to the divine goodness in general. It is this, that Israel, in general, hath not obtained that which he seeketh — Namely, justification, acceptance with God, and the blessings consequent thereon. (9) Mere intellectual investigations into divine truth in general, and the sense of the living oracles in particular, as they have a hardening effect, so they are a great contrast to the spirit of our apostle, whose lengthened sketch of God's majestic procedure towards men in Christ Jesus ends here in a burst of admiration, which loses itself in the still loftier frame of adoration ( Romans 11:33-36 ). For God hath concluded them all in unbelief--"hath shut them all up to unbelief" that he might have mercy upon all--that is, those "all" of whom he had been discoursing; the Gentiles first, and after them the Jews [FRITZSCHE, THOLUCK, OLSHAUSEN, DE WETTE, PHILIPPI, STUART, HODGE]. And as believing Gentiles will be honored to be the instruments of this stupendous change, so shall the vast Gentile world reap such benefit from it, that it shall be like the communication of life to them from the dead. Multitudes were made heirs of Abraham's faith, holiness and blessedness. Therefore, we shouldn’t regard it as spiritual Israel in Romans 11:26. i. Paul understands the truth that many theologians today do not. And so all Israel shall be saved--To understand this great statement, as some still do, merely of such a gradual inbringing of individual Jews, that there shall at length remain none in unbelief, is to do manifest violence both to it and to the whole context. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 11:11-21 The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where it is. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. they also may obtain mercy--Here is an entirely new idea. The very same love which chose the fathers, and rested on the fathers as a parent stem of the nation, still rests on their descendants at large, and will yet recover them from unbelief, and reinstate them in the family of God. The branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in. Romans 11:31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy. But "the riches of God" is a much rarer expression with our apostle than the riches of this or that perfection of God; and the words immediately following limit our attention to the unsearchableness of God's "judgments," which probably means His decrees or plans ( Psalms 119:75 ), and of "His ways," or the method by which He carries these into effect. God hath given--"gave" them the spirit of slumber--"stupor" unto this day--"this present day.". (6) God's covenant with Abraham and his natural seed is a perpetual covenant, in equal force under the Gospel as before it. In Romans Chapter 11, Paul describes a conflict that began with the early Christian church and is still at work today. (3) When individuals and communities, after many fruitless warnings, are abandoned of God, they go from bad to worse ( Romans 11:7-10 ). (7) Thus has the Christian Church the highest motive to the establishment and vigorous prosecution of missions to the Jews; God having not only promised that there shall be a remnant of them gathered in every age, but pledged Himself to the final ingathering of the whole nation assigned the honor of that ingathering to the Gentile Church, and assured them that the event, when it does arrive, shall have a life-giving effect upon the whole world ( Romans 11:12-16 Romans 11:26-31 ). Even so at this present time--"in this present season"; this period of Israel's rejection. Salem Media Group. The figure of the "root" and its "branches" is of like import--the consecration of the one of them extending to the other. In the one place the Psalmist longs to see the "salvation of Israel coming out of Zion" ( Psalms 14:7 ); in the other, the prophet announces that "the Redeemer (or, 'Deliverer') shall come to (or 'for') Zion" ( Isaiah 59:20 ). how he maketh intercession--"pleadeth" against Israel--(The word "saying," which follows, as also the particle "and" before "digged down," should be omitted, as without manuscript authority). . 33. First, as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall--or, according to what seems the true reading, without the "and"--"He shall" turn away ungodliness from Jacob--The apostle, having drawn his illustrations of man's sinfulness chiefly from Psalms 14:1-7 and Isaiah 59:1-21 , now seems to combine the language of the same two places regarding Israel's salvation from it [BENGEL]. yet now have obtained mercy through--by occasion of their. or who hath been his counsellor--See Isaiah 40:13 Isaiah 40:14 . This is the "remnant, even at this present time, according to the election of grace," of which the apostle, in the first part of the chapter, had cited himself as one. salvation is come to the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy--Here, as also in Romans 10:19 (quoted from Deuteronomy 32:21 ), we see that emulation is a legitimate stimulus to what is good. Benson Commentary Romans 11:7-10. and thou, being a wild olive, wert--"wast" grafted in among them--Though it is more usual to graft the superior cutting upon the inferior stem, the opposite method, which is intended here, is not without example. 2-4. Gentile and Jew have each in turn been "shut up to unbelief," that each in turn may experience the "mercy" which saves the chief of sinners ( Romans 11:11-32 ). John Piper Mar 21, 2004 318 Shares Sermon. The Consolation of Israel’s Rejection (11:1-36) Romans 11 will turn its attention to the present and future purposes of God with regard to Israel. For as ye in times past have not believed--or, "obeyed" God--that is, yielded not to God "the obedience of faith," while strangers to Christ. 34, 35. The sense, however, is substantially the same in both. How unsearchable his judgments, and his paths beyond tracing out!” Explanation and Commentary of Romans 11:33. For--rather, "and" (again); introducing a new quotation. And what he here says is that God's purpose was to shut each of these divisions of men to the experience first of an humbled, condemned state, without Christ, and then to the experience of His mercy in Christ. In a sense believers are called to be both God's family (NT) and servants (OT). And they also--"Yea, and they" if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again--This appeal to the power of God to effect the recovery of His ancient people implies the vast difficulty of it--which all who have ever labored for the conversion of the Jews are made depressingly to feel. of the seed of Abraham--of pure descent from the father of the faithful. Romans 11:6 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 11:6, NIV: "And if by grace, then it cannot be based on works; if it were, grace would no longer be grace." I say then, Hath--"Did" God cast away his people? But as all the glorious manifestations of Israel's God were regarded as issuing out of Zion, as the seat of His manifested glory ( Psalms 20:2 , 110:2 , Isaiah 31:9 ), the turn which the apostle gives to the words merely adds to them that familiar idea. Though at present they are enemies to the gospel, for their hatred to the Gentiles; yet, when God's time is come, that will no longer exist, and God's love to their fathers will be remembered. "OF Him are all things," as their eternal Source: "THROUGH HIM are all things," inasmuch as He brings all to pass which in His eternal counsels He purposed: "To Him are all things," as being His own last End; the manifestation of the glory of His own perfections being the ultimate, because the highest possible, design of all His procedure from first to last. There is a distinction between national or ethnic Israel and spiritual Israel. Abraham was as the root of the church. (So THOLUCK, MEYER, DE WETTE, PHILIPPI, ALFORD, HODGE). For who hath known the mind of the Lord?--See Job 15:8 , Jeremiah 23:18 . The apostle has hitherto dwelt upon the unbelief of the Jews as making way for the faith of the Gentiles--the exclusion of the one occasioning the reception of the other; a truth yielding to generous, believing Gentiles but mingled satisfaction. 24. They ought therefore to beware of self-confidence, and every kind of pride or ambition; lest, having only a dead faith, and an empty profession, they should turn from God, and forfeit their privileges. All things in heaven and earth, especially those which relate to our salvation, that belong to our peace, are all of him by way of creation, through him by way of providence, that they may be to him in their end. God forbid; but--the supplement "rather" is better omitted. It isn't "spiritual Israel" in Romans 11:25, because that Israel is spiritually blind. Boast not against the--rejected branches. BIBLE STUDY COMMENTARY ON ROMANS - CHAPTER 11 < 451101 > ROMANS 11:1-36 IN this chapter the Apostle first denies that the whole of the nation of Israel was indiscriminately rejected, for, as he had already intimated, there was to be a remnant saved, and of that remnant he holds himself forth as a noted example. 30, 31. This establishes our view of the argument on Election in Romans 9:1-29 , as not being an election of Gentiles in the place of Jews, and merely to religious advantages, but a sovereign choice of some of Israel itself, from among others, to believe and be saved. It is probable that the latter of these offerings is here intended, as to it the word "lump" best applies; and the argument of the apostle is, that as the separation unto God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, from the rest of mankind, as the parent stem of their race, was as real an offering of first-fruits as that which hallowed the produce of the earth, so, in the divine estimation, it was as real a separation of the mass or "lump" of that nation in all time to God. Each of us must walk in the light we have. 22, 23. of He has not turned against them now. … I may provoke, &c. my flesh--Compare Isaiah 58:7 . For the gifts and calling--"and the calling" of God are without repentance--"not to be," or "cannot be repented of." (22-32) A solemn adoring of the wisdom, goodness, and justice of God. There is that vast distance and disproportion between God and man, between the Creator and the creature, which for ever shuts us from knowledge of his ways. Home >> Bible Studies >> Romans Studies >> Romans 11 These small group studies of Romans contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. 7-10. (See 1 Corinthians 4:7 , 2 Thessalonians 2:13 ). 25. Not that the Jews will be restored to have their priesthood, and temple, and ceremonies again; an end is put to all these; but they are to be brought to believe in Christ, the true become one sheep-fold with the Gentiles, under Christ the Great Shepherd. Those who know most in this imperfect state, feel their own weakness most. 26, 27. Behold therefore the goodness and severity of God: on them that fell, severity--in rejecting the chosen seed. FIRST, Israel is not wholly cast away. The "knowledge," then, points probably to the vast sweep of divine comprehension herein displayed; the "wisdom" to that fitness to accomplish the ends intended, which is stamped on all this procedure. This is a study guide commentary ,which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. (8) Those who think that in all the evangelical prophecies of the Old Testament the terms "Jacob," "Israel," &c., are to be understood solely of the Christian Church, would appear to read the Old Testament differently from the apostle, who, from the use of those very terms in Old Testament prophecy, draws arguments to prove that God has mercy in store for the natural Israel ( Romans 11:26 Romans 11:27 ). . . Romans 11:12. I myself belong to Israel's people. this is my covenant with them--literally, "this is the covenant from me unto them." True grace seeks not to confine God's favour. Certainly it is not "all mankind individually" [MEYER, ALFORD]; for the apostle is not here dealing with individuals, but with those great divisions of mankind, Jew and Gentile. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 5:1-11 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 5:1-2. John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “The nation had not fallen [so far], so that he who is a Jew must necessarily perish or be alienated from God.” Though the Israel according to the flesh has been resistant to believing in Christ, this will not last forever. some of the branches--The mass of the unbelieving and rejected Israelites are here called "some," not, as before, to meet Jewish prejudice in Romans 10:16 ), but with the opposite view of checking Gentile pride. Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed to him--"and shall have recompense made to him" again--see Job 35:7 , 41:11 . if thou continue in his goodness--in believing dependence on that pure goodness which made thee what thou art. Conversion is as the grafting in of wild branches into the good olive. I am a descendant of Abraham and I belong to Benjamin's family group. 15. God forbid. Well--"Be it so, but remember that" because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest--not as a Gentile, but solely by faith--But as faith cannot live in those "whose soul is lifted up" ( Habakkuk 2:4 ). Wild by nature ( again ) ; introducing a new quotation excluded children of Israel 's rejection period... With your Salem romans 11 commentary account, then click Continue upon all is --. Rejoice in hope of the Divine counsels God Hath not cast away his people? “! Remnant. 2 God has not cast away his people? Jeremiah.! Left alone -- '' am speaking '' to you Gentiles -- another proof that this Epistle was addressed Gentile... Associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue, it could be. This Epistle was addressed to Gentile believers thought very improbable ; but,,... “ i say then, Hath -- '' in this present season '' that... Multitudes were made heirs of Abraham and his ways past finding out ”... 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